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El problema ideológico de la selección-eliminación-destrucción de libros y bibliotecas

  • We examine two complex aspects of the problematic intrusion of political and ideological imperatives upon the world of libraries and books: 1) Materials selection, freedom to read, and censorship. We suggest that choices of library materials are linked to policies of lay and religious leaders who tend to prohibit, on one hand, works which are considered hostile to the government and, on the other, items deemed contrary to church religious ideology. 2) Elimination, destruction, and out-and-out states of siege, in which acts of suppression (of books) and annihilation (of books and of libraries themselves) arise from policies that endanger the public order. Thus through a theoretical-historical analysis, we discern the ideological role of such instruments and cultural systems, and the ideological power they exert within the structure of the society and the state. We explain that under certain social and political circumstances, these cultural assets are subject to varying degrees of systematic repression that range from comparatively tenuous measures of circumscription, to destructive mechanisms that operate on a grand scale. We conclude that the phenomenon of elimination and destruction of library collections and libraries, whether through violent sieges or by means of civil repression, should be regarded from a perspective that calls for justice and reprisal, because these devastating events constitute crimes against culture.
  • Meneses Tello, Felipe
  • Licea de Arenas, Judith
  • 2005
  • Journal Article (Print/Paginated)
  • PeerReviewed
  • es